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Am J Vet Res. 1984 Nov;45(11):2272-5.

Pharmacokinetic disposition of theophylline in horses after intravenous administration.

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of theophylline were determined in 6 healthy horses after a single IV administration of 12 mg of aminophylline/kg of body weight (equivalent to 9.44 mg of theophylline/kg). Serum theophylline was measured after the IV dose at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 15 hours. Serum concentration plotted against time on semilogarithmic coordinates, indicated that theophylline in 5 horses was best described by a 2-compartment open model and in 1 horse by a 1-compartment open model. The following mean pharmacokinetic values were determined; elimination half-life = 11.9 hours, distribution half-life = 0.495 hours, apparent specific volume of distribution = 0.885 +/- 0.075 L/kg, apparent specific volume of central compartment = 0.080 L/kg, and clearance = 51.7 +/- 11.2 ml/kg/hr. Three horses with reversible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were serially given 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 mg of aminophylline/kg in single IV doses (equivalent to 0.8, 2.4, 4.7, 7.1, 9.44, and 11.8 mg of theophylline/kg, respectively). The horses were exposed to a dusty barn until they developed clinical signs of respiratory distress and were then given the aminophylline. Effects of increasing doses on different days were correlated with clinical signs, blood pH, and blood gases. The 3 horses had a decrease in the severity of clinical signs after the 9, 12, or 15 mg doses of aminophylline/kg. The horses at 0.5 hour after dosing had a significant decrease in PaCO2 (43.6 +/- 5.5 to 39.4 +/- 6.7 mm of Hg, P less than 0.001) and a significant increase in blood pH (7.38 +/- 0.017 to 7.41 +/- 0.023, P less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
6524719
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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