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Can J Microbiol. 1977 Feb;23(2):183-9.

Response of cultured mammalian cells to the exotoxins of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Corynebacterium diphtheriae: differential cytotoxicity.


The sensitivities of 21 mammalian cell lines to the exotoxins of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Corynebacterium diphtheriae were measured. Each line exhibited 1-4 log differences in sensitivities to the two toxins. No species-specific sensitivities were noted for Pseudomonas exotoxin while diphtheria exotoxin was most potent in cells of monkey origin, followed by human and hamster cells. Rat- and mouse-derived cell lines were very insensitive to diphtheria exotoxin. The rates of cellular intoxication by both toxins exhibited apparent first-order kinetics and were indistinguishable from one another when equipotent doses were used. Our preparation of diphtheria exotoxin appeared to have a slightly higher ADP-ribosylating efficiency than did Pseudomonas toxin. However, neither toxin exhibited cell line-specific differences in ribosylating efficiencies which could have explained the wide range in potencies for intact cells. Our results suggest that there are significant differences in the mechanisms of cellular intoxication by Pseudomonas and diphtheria exotoxins and that these differences probably exist in the attachment or internalization stages of toxin action.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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