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J Immunogenet. 1984 Jun-Aug;11(3-4):181-8.

Interactive effect of genes associated with immunoglobulin allotypes and HLA specificities on susceptibility to Haemophilus influenzae disease.


Genes associated with immunoglobulin (Ig) allotype determinants are important in regulation of immune responses to bacterial polysaccharides. Furthermore, loci associated with Ig allotypes have been reported to interact with those associated with the major histocompatibility complex and affect susceptibility to certain diseases. In the present study we determined the frequencies of certain Gm phenotypes in patients with Haemophilus meningitis or epiglottitis and in controls. HLA-A, -B and -DR specificities had previously been determined in the majority of these subjects. Although no Ig phenotype was associated with increased or decreased relative risk of disease, the frequencies of several combinations of HLA specificities and Ig phenotypes were significantly different from those of controls. Thus, for subjects with the Gm phenotype (1, 3, 17; 23; 5, 13, 21), the risk of Haemophilus meningitis or epiglottitis was lower in individuals with HLA-B5 than in those without this specificity (odds ratio less than 0.1, P less than 0.004). In contrast, for subjects with the closely related Gm phenotype differing only by the absence of Gm(23), (1, 3, 17; ; 5, 13, 21), the risk of disease was higher in those with HLA-DR3 than in individuals who lacked DR3 (odds ratio = 11.0, P = 0.02). Although the present data require confirmation in an independent sample, they suggest that complex interactions between genes at two independent loci controlling HLA and Ig allotypes, respectively, may affect susceptibility to Haemophilus disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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