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Clin Biochem. 1984 Dec;17(6):356-61.

CPK and CPK-MB in the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction and prediction of infarcted area.


This study was carried out on patients of a coronary unit to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of total CPK and CPK-MB by using different analytical techniques: catalytic, immunoassisted, cellulose acetate electrophoresis, radioimmunoassay and immunoradiometric assay. The behaviour of the enzyme was studied in all patients with reference to the localization and extent of the infarct. In all cases a diagnostic algorithm was followed based on the combined use of CPK and its MB isoenzyme; the activity was measured twice, at three-hour intervals after admission. In this way the utilization of total CPK and MB isoenzyme allows almost complete diagnostic efficiency within the first 9 hours from onset of chest pain, together with the possibility of calculating the slope of the curve of MB isoenzyme release useful for calculating infarct size. Maximum diagnostic efficiency is also obtained in cases of small infarcts, with silent ECG, and those difficult to classify clinically.

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