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Chir Pediatr. 1984;25(6):305-10.

[Upper anal imperforation, treatment and results].

[Article in French]


As shown by Stephens the only element of the sphincteric mechanism which persists in case of high imperforate anus is the pubo rectalis sling of the levator. It is essential that the néo rectum be brought down to the perineum throught the sling which must be meticulously dissected and preserved. An operative technique with definition of the sling by an anterior perineal approach was described by the author. Results of the procedure in 43 patients are reported: early post operative complications (1 death, 4 occlusions, 2 ischemia of the neo rectum), anal complications (stricture, prolapses and ectropion) and urinary complications. Concerning the continence the author studied 19 patients: 16 children operated over 10 years ago and 3 adults. Of these 19: 2 are failures with stool incontinence, 10 are excellent and 7 fair. A "perfect" result was never obtained but many are compatible with a normal social life. Age is of great importance (our 3 adults became continent within several months), morning evacuations, diet, cleanliners, some drugs such a imodium are helpful adjuncts. Then the paper discusses 16 patients with desastrous results after previous surgery in another hospital. In 10 patients the new ano-rectum has been placed some that it missed a portion or all of the pubo-rectalis muscule. A further operation with re-routing resulted in marked improvement in 7 patients. A poor result with the neo-rectum in a good position means that the incontinence is related to a hypoplastic or denervated sling. A free autogenous muscle transplantation (Hakelius and Grotte) gave 4 excellent, 2 fair and 2 poor results.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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