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Am J Emerg Med. 1984 May;2(3):189-92.

Survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: morbidity and long-term survival.


Sudden cardiac death accounts for two thirds of death due to coronary artery disease. Advanced cardiac life support can now be brought directly to patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, and in this country, as many as 30% of such patients can be discharged from the hospital annually. Certain clinical and resuscitation-related factors are predictive of mortality and morbidity. The best clinical predictors of long-term survival are absence of previous history of myocardial infarction, lack of congestive heart failure during hospitalization, and age less than 60 years. Resuscitation-related predictors of long-term survival are a short time collapse to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and a short time from collapse to CPR combined with a short time to provision of definitive care. The majority of cardiac arrest survivors are able to resume previous levels of function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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