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J Med Chem. 1984 Dec;27(12):1710-7.

A potent multisubstrate analogue inhibitor of human thymidylate synthetase.


The synthesis of an 8-deazafolate analogue of the intermediate in the methylation of 2'-deoxyuridylate is described. Alkylation of diethyl 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-8-deazafolate with 3'-O-acetyl-5-(bromomethyl)-2'-deoxyuridine 5'-[bis-(trichlorethyl) phosphate], followed by removal of the trichloroethyl groups with a Zn/Cu couple and mild saponification, gave the target inhibitor N-[4-[[[2-amino-3,4,5,6,7, 8-hexahydro-4-oxo-5-[(2'-deoxyuridin-5-yl)methyl]-pyrido[3,2-d] pyrimidin-6-yl]methyl]amino]benzoyl]-L-glutamic acid 5'-monophosphate. The free nucleoside and the 5'-(methyl phosphate) diester were similarly prepared. Each of these reactions yielded a pair of diastereoisomers about C-6 of the reduced deazafolate in approximately a 1:1 ratio. These diastereoisomeric mixtures were evaluated as inhibitors of thymidylate synthetase derived from human tumor (HeLa) cells. The 5'-monophosphate was a potent inhibitor, competitive with respect to both 2'-deoxyuridylate (Ki = 0.06 microM) and tetrahydrofolate (Ki = 0.25 microM). In contrast, the nucleoside and the nucleotide methyl ester were poorer inhibitors by more than 3 orders of magnitude, attesting to the importance of the anionic function at the nucleoside 5'-position in the affinity of an inhibitor for the enzyme active site.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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