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J Parasitol. 1984 Aug;70(4):584-91.

The role of prostaglandins in cercarial (Schistosoma mansoni) response to free fatty acids.


In examining the structure-activity relationship of a diverse group of chemicals reported to prevent cercarial penetration after topical application, we noticed a moiety that was common to free fatty acids and prostaglandins. Because unsaturated fatty acids have been reported to stimulate cercarial penetration, we hypothesized that cercarial stimulation by skin and fatty acids may invoke prostaglandin mechanisms in cercariae, skin, or both. Thus we compared the stimulation of cercariae by a series of essential and nonessential fatty acids and demonstrated an inhibition of this response by ibuprofen and aspirin, known cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors, and by 13-azaprostanoic acid, a potent antagonist of the thromboxane/endoperoxide receptor. These data led us to postulate a major role for prostaglandins in the cercarial penetration response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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