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J Neurosurg. 1984 Dec;61(6):1005-8.

Saccular aneurysm associated with segmental duplication of the basilar artery. A morphological study.


Saccular aneurysm associated with segmental duplication (also called "fenestration") of the basilar artery is an anomaly that results from an embryonic fault. Reports of the treatment of the aneurysmal component have only recently appeared in the neurosurgical literature, and little has been written on the morphology of this anomaly. This study answers the need for information about its structure to the extent permitted by the examination of a single specimen. The specimen was obtained at postmortem examination. A cast of its interior features was made with a synthetic rubber. After the cast was removed, the entire anomaly was serially sectioned for histological study. Defects in the wall of the basilar artery were seen microscopically at each end of the fenestration. At the extensive proximal defect, a saccular aneurysm arose that bulged into the window between the two limbs of the segmental duplication and also presented dorsally and ventrally. It had fatally ruptured. The manner in which the fenestration was formed by intraluminal septa was also revealed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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