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Biochemistry. 1984 Oct 9;23(21):4905-13.

Conformational differences between various myoglobin ligated states as monitored by 1H NMR spectroscopy.


In paramagnetic metmyoglobin, cyanomyoglobin (CNMb), and deoxymyoglobin, His-36 has a high pK (approximately 8), and the NMR titration behavior of the H-2 resonance is perturbed, due to the presence at low pH of a hydrogen bond with Glu-38, which is broken at high pH. The His-36 H-4 resonance shows no shift with pK approximately 8 because of two opposing chemical shift effects but monitors the titration of nearby Glu-36 (pK = 5.6). In diamagnetic derivatives [(carbon monoxy)myoglobin (COMb) and oxymyoglobin (oxyMb)], the titration behavior of His-36 H-2 and H-4 resonances is normalized (pK approximately 6.8). The very slight alkaline Bohr effect in sperm whale myoglobin (Mb) is interpreted in terms of the pK change of His-36 from deoxyMb to oxyMb and compensating pK changes in the opposite direction of other unspecified groups. In sperm whale COMb at 40 degrees C, the distal histidine (His-64) and His-97 have pK values of 5.0 and 5.9. The meso proton resonances remote from these groups do not show a titration shift, but the nearby gamma-meso proton (pK = 5.3) responds to titration of both histidines, and the upfield Val-68 methyl at -2.3 ppm (pK = 4.7) witnesses the titration of nearby His-64. At 20 degrees C, the latter resonance is reduced in size, and a second resonance occurs at -2.8 ppm, which is insensitive to pH and, hence, more remote from His-64. Both resonances arise from two conformations of Val-68 in slow equilibrium. In oxyMb at 20 degrees C, only the latter resonance is observed, presumably because of the steric restrictions imposed by the hydrogen bond between ligand and His-64 in oxyMb, which is not present in COMb. In oxyMb the pK of His-97 (5.6) is similar to that of the meso proton resonances (5.5) and to the pK of other pH-dependent processes, including the very small acid Bohr effect. It is likely that these processes are controlled by the titration of His-97.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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