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Radiat Res. 1984 Nov;100(2):328-39.

Reduced oxygen enhancement ratio at low doses of ionizing radiation.


A decreased oxygen enhancement ratio (OER) at lower radiation doses has been previously reported (B. Palcic, J. W. Brosing, and L. D. Skarsgard, Br. J. Cancer 46, 980-984 (1984]. The question remained whether or not this effect is due to a possible oxygen contamination at low doses, which was not the case at high doses. To ensure a sufficient degree of hypoxia prior to the start of irradiation, Chinese hamster cells (CHO) were made hypoxic by gas exchange combined with metabolic consumption of oxygen at 37 degrees C. At the same time oxygen levels in cell suspension were measured using a Clark electrode. It was found that under experimental conditions used in this laboratory for hypoxic irradiations, the oxygen levels before the start of irradiation are always below the levels which could give any significant enhancement to radiation inactivation by X rays. Full survival curves were determined in the dose range 0-30 Gy using the conventional survival assay and in the dose range 0-3 Gy using the low dose survival assay. The results confirmed the earlier finding that the OER decreases at low doses. It is therefore believed that the dose-dependent OER is a true radiobiological phenomenon and not an artifact of the experimental method used in the low dose survival assay.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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