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Urinary excretion of chromium as an indicator of exposure to trivalent chromium sulphate in leather tanning.


Two workers exposed to trivalent chromium sulphate in a leather tannery had high concentrations of chromium in the urine. The concentration of chromium showed a workshift-related diurnal fluctuation, but it was remarkably high even after a vacation, indicating accumulation of chromium in the body. The concentrations of chromium in the workplace air, as collected on filters using standard techniques, were below 30 micrograms/m3. The chromium in the air was present in the form of large droplets not collected by the standard techniques. In the blood stream, chromium was transported exclusively in the plasma. No absorption of chromium through the skin could be detected. Absorption from the gastrointestinal tract was calculated to explain the findings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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