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Arch Intern Med. 1984 Oct;144(10):1981-3.

Head trauma in hemophilia. A prospective study.


Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) remains a serious problem in hemophilia. Consecutive episodes of ICH or reports of head trauma were prospectively recorded in 140 patients with hemophilia seen during a two-year period. Forty of 48 consecutive episodes of ICH or trauma occurred in 37 patients with severe disease (less than 1% factor VIII or IX). Five injured patients had inhibitors to factor VIII. Two fatalities occurred following injury and one patient died following a spontaneous bleed. Injury in 40 instances warranted replacement therapy. No patient given coagulation factor within six hours of injury experienced ICH. The risk of ICH following head trauma (13% in this series) warrants aggressive use of coagulation factor replacement. Watchfulness in dealing with such patients and early therapy may be more necessary than often realized.

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