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JAMA. 1984 Oct 19;252(15):2023-7.

On-site physician staffing in a community hospital intensive care unit. Impact on test and procedure use and on patient outcome.

Abstract

To determine whether on-site physician staffing changed test and procedure use and improved patient outcome in a community hospital intensive care unit (ICU), we studied all ICU admissions for matched periods before and after the staffing change. Compared with the 463 year-1 patients, the 491 year-2 patients were no more likely to receive life-support interventions (respirators, dialysis, or pacemakers), but had substantially more monitoring interventions, such as pulmonary artery catheters (22% v 2%, P less than .0001) and arterial catheters (9% v 0%, P less than .0001). After controlling for factors that predicted death (age, mental status at time of admission, reason for ICU admission), year-2 patients were significantly more likely to survive the ICU and subsequent hospital stay (P = .01). Nearly all of the improvement of survival rate took place among patients with intermediate likelihoods of death; this improved survival rate persisted at the 12-month follow-up (P = .01).

PMID:
6481908
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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