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Lancet. 1977 Feb 5;1(8006):275-7.

Soybean-protein diet in the treatment of type-II hyperlipoproteinaemia.


A soybean textured protein induced a 14% decrease of plasma-cholesterol levels after two weeks and 21% after three when substituted for animal proteins in a group of 20 patients with type-II hyperlipoproteinaemia. Comparison of soybean diet with a standard low-lipid diet in the same patients, according to a cross-over protocol, indicated that this hypocholesterolaemic effect was not due to differences in the lipid composition of the two diets. The hypothesis that a soy protein has a hypocholesterolaemic action per se is supported by the results of a subsequent experiment in 8 type-II patients in whom the addition of cholesterol (500 mg/day) to soy protein did not modify the hypocholesterolaemic response.

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