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Genetics. 1984 Sep;108(1):107-21.

Isolation of aneuploid-generating mutants of Aspergillus nidulans, one of which is defective in interphase of the cell cycle.


A method is described for isolating mutants potentially defective in loci involved in mitotic chromosome segregation. Conditional lethal, heat-sensitive (42 degrees ) mutants were assayed at a subrestrictive temperature of 37 degrees for an inflated production of colonies displaying phenotypes and behavior patterns of whole chromosome aneuploids. Of 14 mutants, three showed specificity for one disomic phenotype, whereas 11 generated colonies mosaic for different aneuploid phenotypes. This latter group is designated hfa (high frequency of aneuploid). For ten of the 11 mutants temperature sensitivity and aneuploid production cosegregated, indicating a single mutation in each. These mutations were recessive and nonallelic. Analysis was concentrated on the hfaB3 mutation which is mapped to chromosome VI tightly linked to the methB and tsB loci. The disruptive influence of hfaB3 on mitosis at 37 degrees was shown by (1) ploidy and whole chromosome-type segregation of markers in the breakdown sectors of phenotypically aneuploid colonies obtained from multiply marked homozygous hfaB3 disploids; (2) a high frequency of haploid and nondisjunctional diploid segregants among spontaneous yellow-spored parasexual recombinants taken from green-spored homozygous hfaB3 diploids. The mutation had no effect on meiotic chromosome segregation at 37 degrees. The single interphase nucleus in germlings at 42 degrees, coupled with changes in the mitotic index in temperature exchange experiments, showed hfaB3 to arrest the cell cycle in interphase at restrictive temperature. A conclusion drawn is that the hfaB gene product is required both for entry into mitosis and for normal chromosome segregation in dividing nuclei.

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