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Int J Biochem. 1984;16(9):1023-6.

HMG-CoA reductase activity in the microsomal fraction from human placenta in early and term pregnancy.


The activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase) mevalonate: NADP oxidoreductase (CoA acylating; EC in microsomes from early- and term-pregnancy placenta has been found to be 24 +/- 2 and 6 +/- 3 pmol/min per mg protein, respectively. Inactivation of the enzyme required the addition of ATP and Mg2+ and was dependent on the time of preincubation. Reactivation of the enzyme was also dependent on the incubation time and prevented by the presence of fluoride--a phosphoprotein phosphatase inhibitor. These data suggest that (despite a low activity) placental HMG-CoA reductase is covalently modulated via the phosphorylation-dephosphorylation system. The conversion of [14C]acetate and [3H]mevalonate into digitonin precipitable placental sterols indicates that the lower reductase activity in term, than in early, placental microsomes is accompanied by a less active conversion of [14C]acetate in this tissue.

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