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Biochem J. 1984 Sep 1;222(2):363-70.

Fructose is a good substrate for rat liver 'glucokinase' (hexokinase D).


Rat liver 'glucokinase' (hexokinase D) catalyses the phosphorylation of fructose with a maximal velocity about 2.5-fold higher than that for the phosphorylation of glucose. The saturation function is hyperbolic and the half-saturation concentration is about 300 mM. Fructose is a competitive inhibitor of the phosphorylation of glucose with a Ki of 107 mM. Fructose protects hexokinase D against inactivation by 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid), and the apparent dissociation constants are about 300 mM in the presence of different concentrations of the inhibitor. The co-operativity of the enzyme in the phosphorylation of glucose can be abolished by addition of fructose to the reaction medium. Fructose appears to be no better as a substrate for the other mammalian hexokinases than it is for hexokinase D. It is proposed that the name 'glucokinase' ought to be reserved for enzymes that are truly specific for glucose, such as those of micro-organisms and invertebrates, and that liver glucokinase must be called hexokinase D (or hexokinase IV) within the classification EC

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