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Am Rev Respir Dis. 1984 Sep;130(3):500-2.

Evaluation of a low-flow oxygen-conserving nasal cannula.


Oxygen therapy is one of the most frequently ordered therapies for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In a large percentage of these cases, oxygen therapy is supplied via nasal cannula. With the rising cost of medical care and the search for more effective means of oxygen delivery, a new oxygen-conserving nasal cannula (CNC) that incorporates a closely coupled 20-ml reservoir was developed. Oxygen is stored in the reservoir during exhalation so that 20 ml of approximately 85% oxygen is the first gas inhaled. To test the hypothesis that the CNC is more efficient than the standard nasal cannula (SNC), 20 patients with COPD were evaluated. All patients were chronically hypoxemic at rest. Results indicate that when the CNC was compared with the SNC, arterial oxygen saturation levels were significantly different (p less than 0.001) at flow rates of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 L/min. Oxygen saturation were 2.9% higher at 0.5 L/min, 2.9% higher at 1 L/min, and 2.6% higher at 2 L/min for the CNC than for the SNC. In summary, the CNC offers a more efficient oxygen delivery system for those patients requiring supplemental oxygen administration by nasal cannula.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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