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Am J Vet Res. 1984 Aug;45(8):1535-41.

Quantitative aspects of the transmission of African swine fever.


The contagiousness of pigs during different stages of infection with African swine fever virus was assessed by measuring the amount of virus excreted and the amounts of virus in the blood and other tissues, as well as determining the infectious dose of the virus by various routes. The virus was present in substantial amounts in secretions and excretions of acutely infected pigs for only 7 to 10 days after the onset of fever and was present in the greatest amount in the feces. Virus persisted in the blood of some recovered and clinically normal pigs for 8 weeks and in the lymphoid tissues for at least 12 weeks. The intranasal/oral ID50, and the IV/IM ID50 of a moderately virulent isolate of African swine fever virus were determined to be 18,500 and 0.13, 50% headsorbing units, respectively. A highly virulent isolate required approximately 10-fold more virus to cause infection by the intranasal/oral route.

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