Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Cardiol. 1984 Sep 1;54(6):587-91.

Electrophysiologic testing in bundle branch block and unexplained syncope.

Abstract

Thirty-two patients with bundle branch block and unexplained syncope underwent electrophysiologic testing, including programmed ventricular stimulation with up to triple extrastimuli. The infranodal conduction time (HV) was 70 ms or greater in 12 patients. Pathologic infranodal block during atrial pacing occurred in 2 patients. Unimorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) was induced in 9 patients (28%) and polymorphic VT in 5 (16%). A permanent pacemaker was implanted in patients with infranodal block during atrial pacing and, generally, in patients with an HV of 70 ms or more. Patients with inducible unimorphic or sustained polymorphic VT were treated with an antiarrhythmic drug. The mean follow-up period was 19 +/- 14 months (+/- standard deviation). Three patients died suddenly: a noncompliant patient with inducible sustained VT; a patient with a normal electrophysiologic study treated empirically with quinidine for premature ventricular complexes; and a patient with an HV of 70 ms and no inducible VT treated with a permanent pacemaker. The actuarial incidence of sudden death was 10% at 45 months of follow-up. Only 2 patients had recurrent syncope; both had a normal electrophysiologic study. Approximately 50% of patients with bundle branch block and unexplained syncope who undergo electrophysiologic testing are found to have a clinically significant abnormality (HV of 70 ms or more, infranodal block during atrial pacing and inducible unimorphic VT), and some patients have more than 1 abnormality. Long-term management guided by the results of electrophysiologic testing generally is successful in preventing recurrent syncope.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
6475778
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(84)90254-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center