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J Pharm Sci. 1984 Jul;73(7):935-8.

Radiotelemetric method for evaluating enteric coatings in vivo.


A radiotelemetric method for the in vivo evaluation of enteric coating performance is described, and its advantages and disadvantages are compared with those of other available methods. Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate was used as the test enteric coating. Four dogs were administered several batches of enteric-coated tablets containing buffers. Tablet disintegration was determined by radiotelemetric detection of the pH drop in the upper intestine due to release of the buffer. Premature rupture of the coating in the stomach was detected by a rise and then a fall in gastric pH prior to gastric emptying. The average gastric emptying time was 80 +/- 18 min (SEM), while the average time for a tablet to disintegrate in the upper intestine was 14.2 +/- 2 min. The average disintegration time was not affected by a change in the batch (for a given tablet core pH) or the dog used, suggesting that the method yielded readily reproducible results. Although there was little correlation with in vitro disintegration times, the method gave results similar to those reported in the literature for the same enteric coating in a human study. Of the formulations tested, it was concluded that buffering the core to pH 4 was most suitable for studying enteric coating performance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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