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J Gen Microbiol. 1984 Aug;130(8):2059-66.

Induction of bacteriophage from members of the Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, Mycobacterium scrofulaceum serocomplex.

Abstract

Bacteriophages have been induced from strains in the Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, Mycobacterium scrofulaceum serocomplex by exposure of cultures to UV light or treatment with mitomycin C. One-sixth of the strains examined, representing all but one of the 31 authenticated serotypes, were found to possess phages lytic for a Mycobacterium smegmatis indicator strain. Four single-plaque isolated phages, TM4, TM9, TM10 and TM20, were purified and shown to have a similar morphology on electron micrographs. They had an isometric head of diameter 50-58 nm and a flexible non-contractile tail about 170 nm in length with a terminal bulb. All had an identical buoyant density in CsCl of 1.521 g cm-3 and extreme sensitivity to chloroform. The induced phages differed in host range and possessed the unique ability to lyse other members of the serocomplex. Interest in these phages centres on a possible role in mediating genetic interrelationships between members of the serocomplex.

PMID:
6470677
DOI:
10.1099/00221287-130-8-2059
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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