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J Biochem. 1984 Jun;95(6):1811-8.

Purification and some properties of bovine liver cytosol thioltransferase.


A cytosol thioltransferase was purified 37,000-fold from bovine liver by essentially the same procedure as reported for rat liver enzyme by Axelsson et al. [1978) Biochemistry 17, 2978-2984). The purified enzyme appears to be homogeneous on sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-gel electrophoresis and has a molecular weight (Mr) of 11,000, an isoelectric point (pI) of 8.1, and an optimum pH with S-sulfocysteine and GSH as substrates of 8.5. It is specific for disulfides including L-cystine, S-sulfocysteine, ribonuclease A, trypsin, soybean kunitz trypsin inhibitor, soybean Bowman Birk trypsin inhibitor and insulin, and converts Bowman Birk trypsin inhibitor to an inactive form. The enzyme does not act as a protein : disulfide isomerase, as measured by reactivation of "scramble" ribonuclease and Kunitz soybean trypsin inhibitor. Thioltransferase activity was found in cytosol of various bovine tissues.

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