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J Clin Psychiatry. 1984 Sep;45(9 Pt 2):15-9.

Bioequivalence, dose-proportionality, and pharmacokinetics of naltrexone after oral administration.


Healthy male volunteers (N = 24) participated in a four-way crossover study to compare the rate and extent of absorption of naltrexone after administration of 50 mg tablets as 50, 100, and 200 mg doses and a 10 mg/ml reference syrup. A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was employed to measure naltrexone and 6-beta-naltrexol in plasma and urine. Compared to the syrup, the 50 mg tablets were absorbed more slowly but equally well. There was excellent linearity between the administered dose and the area under the plasma concentration-time profile, as well as total urinary recovery of both drug and metabolite. The mean half-lives for naltrexone and beta-naltrexol were approximately 4 and 12 hours, respectively. The fraction of drug reaching the systemic circulation was estimated to be 5% of the administered dose because of extensive first-pass metabolism. Less than 1% of the dose was excreted in the urine as naltrexone after 48 hours, while 25% was recovered as unconjugated beta-naltrexol. The renal clearance of naltrexone and beta-naltrexol was approximately 127 ml/min and 283 ml/min, respectively. The total systemic clearance for naltrexone was approximately 94 L/hr.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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