Send to

Choose Destination
Hoppe Seylers Z Physiol Chem. 1984 May;365(5):531-7.

The primary structure of the hemoglobin of the mole rat (Spalax ehrenbergi, rodentia, chromosome species 60).


Mole rat (Spalax ehrenbergi) hemoglobin consists of only one component. The complete amino-acid sequence of the alpha- and beta-chains of the species with the diploid chromosome number of 60 is presented. Following chain separation by chromatography on carboxymethyl cellulose CM-52, the primary structures were established by automatic Edman degradation on the chains, on the tryptic peptides, and on a peptide obtained by acid hydrolysis of the Asp-Pro bond in beta-chains. The alignment of the peptides was performed by homology with human alpha- and beta-chains. The comparison showed an exchange of 23 residues in the alpha-chains and 26 in the beta-chains. One substitution in the beta-chains concerns the surrounding of the heme. We found two exchanges in each chain in the alpha 1 beta 1-subunit interface and one in the beta-chain alpha 1 beta 2-contact points. Though all binding sites for 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate are unchanged, the mole rat blood has a high oxygen affinity as a part of adaptation to subterranean life under hypoxia and hypercapnia. A comparison of the sequence with known X-ray models of hemoglobins may give an interpretation of this fact. The primary structure of the mole rat hemoglobin shows more similarities with surface rodents, than with the mole, another small mammal, adapted to hypoxia in subterranean tunnels. The adaptation to hypoxia in mole rat and mole must be due to different mechanisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center