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Exp Cell Res. 1984 Sep;154(1):243-55.

Nuclear elongation of dissociated newt spermatids in vitro and their nuclear shortening by antimicrotubule agents.


Dissociated newt spermatids with an initial cell length of 20-35 microns increased in length at an average rate of 35-46 microns during 5 days of culture at 22 degrees C. 10(-5) M vinblastine sulfate shortened the length of nearly all the spermatids of various initial lengths to that of round spermatids within 24 h at 22 degrees C. Application of vinblastine to the spermatids immediately following initiation of nuclear elongation caused the nuclei to become completely round within 1 h. 3 X 10(-6) M colcemid, 10(-4) M colchicine, 2 X 10(-5) M nocodazole and 10(-4) M griseofulvin also shortened the spermatid length. The effects of these five antimicrotubule agents were irreversible. Neither 10(-4) M beta-, gamma-lumicolchicine nor 1.0 micrograms/ml cytochalasin B (CB) had any effect on spermatid elongation. Spermatids incubated at 4 degrees C for 6 days shortened by 20-50%, but after transfer to 22 degrees C they started to elongate. An ultrastructural study showed that during nuclear elongation the number of microtubules increased in proportion to the elongation, and that the microtubules surrounded the whole nucleus from its apical to caudal end. After addition of vinblastine many microtubular crystals appeared in the cytoplasm of the spermatids. It was concluded that microtubules are a prerequisite for nuclear elongation of newt spermatids, and it is speculated that microtubules act directly in the initiation and continuation of the nuclear elongation of newt spermatids.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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