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Can J Neurol Sci. 1984 Aug;11(3):371-6.

Management of acute subdural hematomas from aneurysmal rupture.

Abstract

Subdural hematomas (SDH) from ruptured aneurysm (RA) are much less common than intracerebral (ICH) hematomas or subarachnoid (SAH) or intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). With computerized tomography, preoperative diagnosis is now made more often. The authors have collected 18 such cases from a review of 897 cases of RA admitted to eleven medical centers in 1980 and 1981. Nine (50%) of these patients died prior to discharge from hospital. Four (22%) had surgery and died postoperatively and 9 (50%) were operated upon and survived. Thirteen (72%) of the patients showed anisocoria, decreased consciousness and unilateral weakness prior to surgery. Eight (89%) of the fatalities had shown preoperative herniation as opposed to only 5 (56%) of the survivors. The overall incidence of delayed ischemia due to vasospasm was 11% (2 cases). Those who died had greater midline shift and larger SDH on the admission CT scan. Sixteen (89%) of these patients were female. Thirteen (72%) had ruptured aneurysms on the internal carotid artery. All of these hematomas were unilateral and uniformly hyperdense, and the convexity hematomas were crescentic in shape. Seventeen (94%) had evidence of blood in locations other than the subdural space. If the patient is potentially salvageable and has a midline shift, the SDH should probably be evacuated immediately and the aneurysm clipped at the same operation since the development of a tentorial herniation has such an adverse effect on outcome.

PMID:
6467088
DOI:
10.1017/s031716710004573x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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