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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1984 Jul 31;122(2):613-9.

Synthesis and biological actions of melanin concentrating hormone.


A melanin (melanosome) concentrating hormone, MCH, was synthesized and the methodology for its synthesis is detailed. This heptadecapeptide, H-Asp-Thr-Met-Arg-Cys-Met-Val-Gly-Arg-Val-Tyr-Arg-Pro-Cys-Trp-Glu-Val-OH , stimulated melanosome concentration (centripetal aggregation) within melanophores of all species of teleost fishes studied. Melanosome aggregation in response to MCH was not blocked by Dibenamine as was the response to norepinephrine (NE), demonstrating that melanosome aggregating responses to MCH and NE are mediated through separate receptors. Melanosome aggregation in response to MCH was reversed by an equimolar concentration of alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH). In contrast, MCH stimulated melanosome dispersion (centrifugal movement) within melanophores of a frog (Rana pipiens) and a lizard (Anolis carolinensis). Therefore, MCH exhibits both melanosome concentrating and dispersing actions depending upon the species studied.

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