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Blood. 1981 Sep;58(3):645-7.

Surface phenotype of Japanese adult T-cell leukemia cells characterized by monoclonal antibodies.


We studies the surface phenotype and the functional activities of leukemic cells from three patients with Japanese adult T-cell leukemic (ATL) using the panel of OK and anti-Tac monoclonal antibodies, which react with differentiation antigens and define functionally distinct T-cell subsets or activated and terminally differentiated T cells. The phenotype of ATL cells were determined to be OKT1+T3+T4+T10+T5-T8-Okla1-, although cells from two patients suppressed pokeweed mitogen (PWM) induced normal B-cell differentiation, and cells from all patients lacked helper activity in this system. In addition, after cultivation with PWM, ATL cells from all patients were reactive with anti-Tac monoclonal antibody, and cells from one patient were reactive with OKlal. These findings suggest that ATL cells arise from peripheral mature T-cell subsets and also suggest that the transition of surface phenotype of ATL cells to functionally mature and activated T cells occurs in culture.

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