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Mutat Res. 1981 Jan;80(1):43-64.

Mutagen sensitivities and mutator effects of MMS-sensitive mutants in Neurospora.


7 mus (mutagen-sensitive) mutants of Neurospora crassa, which are more sensitive to the toxic effects of MMS (methyl methanesulfonate) than wild-type, were investigated for cross-sensitivities to other mutagens and inhibitors. These mutants have recently been mapped in 5 new genes, mus-7 to mus-11, and mutant alleles from each gene were checked for their effects on mutation frequencies. It was found that mutants in 3 of these 5 genes showed radiation-induced mutation frequencies similar to wild-type. These included 2 alleles of the gene mus-10, which were cross-sensitive only to UV and were the only mutants that produced some viable ascospores in homozygous crosses. The mutant of the second gene, mus-8, was especially sensitive to UV and mitomycin C and produced slightly reduced frequencies of spontaneous mutation. In contrast, the mutant of the third gene, mus-7, was not UV-sensitive but showed some cross-sensitivity to X-rays; mus-7 was highly sensitive to MMS and also to histidine, which inhibits various repair-defective mutants at concentrations well below those that reduce wild-type growth. None of these mus resemble mutants previously found in Neurospora, nor do they conform clearly to mutant types identified in E. coli or yeast. On the other hand mutants in 2 further genes, mus-11, and especially 2 alleles of mus-9, are very similar to uvs-3 of Neurospora and generally resemble mutants that are considered to be defective in "error-prone" repair. They were UV- as well as X-ray-sensitive, and showed strong spontaneous mutator effects but almost no increase in recessive lethal frequencies in heterokaryons after UV-treatments.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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