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Biochem J. 1980 Mar 15;186(3):763-72.

Tryptophan pyrrolase in haem regulation. The relationship between the depletion of rat liver tryptophan pyrrolase haem and the enhancement of 5-aminolaevulinate synthase activity by 2-allyl-2-isopropylacetamide.


Rat liver tryptophan pyrrolase haem is maximally depleted at 30 min after administration of a 400 mg/kg dose of 2-allyl-2-isopropylacetamide. This depletion lasts for 24 h, by which time 5-aminoleevulinate synthase activity becomes maximally enhanced. 2. though the above maximum depletion of pyrrolase haem (at 0.5h) is also produced by a 100 mg/kg dose of the porphyrogen, this does not enhance synthase activity at 24 h. It and smaller doses, however, cause a smaller but earlier enhancement of synthase activity (maximum at 2 h) and produce a similarly short-lived deplation of pyrrolase haem. 3. The depletion of pyrrolase haem and the enhancement of synthase activity by the porphyrogen are inhibited by compound SKF 525-A and phenazine methosulphate, and are potentiated by nicotinamide but not by phenobarbitone. Phenazine methosulphate and nicotinamide also exert opposite effects on hexobarbital sleeping-time. 4. 2-Allyl-2-isopropylacetamde also the depletes pyrrolase haem in vitro. It does so in liver homogenates of control rats in the presence, and in those of phenobarbitone-treated rats in the absence of added NADPH. 5. A discussion of the present results in relation to previous work with other haemoproteins suggests that, whereas cytochrome P-450 (haem) is primarily involved in the production of the active (porphyrogenic) metabolite(s) of 2-allyl-2-isopropylacetamide, the haem pool used by tryptophan pyrrolase may play an important role in the effects of this compound on haem biosynthesis.

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