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J Bacteriol. 1980 Feb;141(2):707-14.

Characterization and regulation of galactose transport in Neurospora crassa.


Two galactose uptake systems were found in the mycelia of Neurospora crassa. In glucose-grown mycelia, galactose was transported by a low-affinity (Km = 400 mM) constitutive system which was distinct from the previously described glucose transport system I (R. P. Schneider and W. R. Wiley, J. Bacteriol. 106:479--486, 1971). In carbon-starved mycelia or mycelia incubated with galactose, a second galactose transport activity appeared which required energy, had a high affinity for galactose (Km = 0.7 mM), and was shown to be the same as glucose transport system II. System II also transported mannose, 2-deoxyglucose, xylose, and talose and is therefore a general monosaccharide transport system. System II was derepressed by carbon starvation, completely repressed by glucose, mannose, and 2-deoxyglucose, and partially repressed by fructose and xylose. Incubation with galactose yielded twice as much activity as starvation. This extra induction by galactose required protein synthesis, and represented an increase in activity of system II rather than the induction of another transport system. Glucose, mannose, and 2-deoxyglucose caused rapid degradation of preexisting system II; fructose and xylose caused a slower degradation of activity.

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