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Eur J Clin Microbiol. 1984 Dec;3(6):575-8.

Pharmacokinetic and experimental data on beta-lactam antibiotics in the treatment of patients.


The in vitro and animal model studies on optimal dosage of the newer beta-lactams are summarized and put into historical perspective. They provide a rationale for dosage schedules that continuously maintain inhibitory serum and tissue concentrations throughout the dosage interval. In vitro studies on the post-antibiotic effect (PAE) with beta-lactams revealed only short time periods of post-antibiotic growth suppression with gram-positive cocci and no post-antibiotic effect with gram-negative bacilli. A similar lack of persistent growth suppression was observed with beta-lactams in a neutropenic mouse thigh infection model for both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. In the same animal model, dosing regimens of beta-lactams which continuously provided serum concentrations above the MIC were more efficacious than those that did not. The newer third-generation cephalosporins have prolonged half-lives and can maintain serum levels above the MIC for most pathogens, even when dosed at widely spaced intervals.

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