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Vet Med (Praha). 1984 Nov;29(11):669-78.

[Cervical mucus in the heifer uterus during heat and insemination after feeding with synthetic beta-carotene].

[Article in Slovak]


The effect of beta-carotene was studied, as exerted on the amount, ductility, pH value, arborization and sperm survival time in the medium of the cervical mucus of heifers included in the breeding stock. The measurements were taken during oestrus and mating. The animals were divided into four groups. The first group was given diet containing no carotene. In the other groups (II, III, IV) the animals were fed a supplement of synthetic beta-carotene, the doses being 100, 200 and 400 mg per head/day. The survival of spermatozoa in the medium of cervical mucus was found to be significantly longer in the fourth group (115.2%) as compared with the first group (61.8%). In the statistical comparison of these results the P level was less than 0.05. Statistically significant differences were observed in the amount, ductility and arborization between the pregnant heifers and oestrus return ones in the first group. These differences were reduced after the addition of beta-carotene to feed. Beta-carotene saturation in the feed ration was not found to exert any significant influence on the pH value of cervical mucus. As suggested by the evaluation of the results and their comparison with literary data, sperm survival time in cervical mucus was the only trait influenced significantly by beta-carotene: no significant effect was exerted on the other parameters under study. Beta-carotene seems to influence the role of polyfactorial factors in the control of steroidogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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