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J Clin Oncol. 1984 Dec;2(12):1366-71.

Comparison of 5-fluorouracil with ftorafur in adjuvant chemotherapies with combined inductive and maintenance therapies for gastric cancer.


A group of 243 patients with gastric cancer was subjected to a prospective randomized trial of adjuvant chemotherapy after curative gastrectomy. One of the three arms (regimen A) is induction therapy with a three-drug combination of mitomycin C (MMC), 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) followed by intermittent oral administration of 5-FU for two years (MFC + F). In regimen B, 5-FU in regimen A is replaced by ftorafur, administered on the same schedule as regimen A (MF'C + F'). Regimen C is the control, in which patients are treated by surgery alone. Regimen A was proven effective for the suppression of relapse in the limited groups of moderately locally advanced cancer; five-year survival rates of the subset of stages I, II, and III were 72.1% with regimen A and 53.1% with regimen C (P less than .05). Regimen B yielded a better survival than the control, although the difference did not reach statistical significance. The results seem to favor 5-FU as adjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer.

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