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Ann Microbiol (Paris). 1984 Sep-Oct;135B(2):121-36.

Structural alterations in the envelope of a gentamicin-resistant rough mutant of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.


Comparative studies of a gentamicin-sensitive strain (P28-0) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and a gentamicin-resistant mutant (P23-800) have been carried out. No aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes were detected in extracts of the mutant. Electron microscopy of thin sections and the loss of O-antigenicity suggested that resistance of the mutant to gentamicin was related to an alteration in the outer membrane. Analysis of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) components of the cell walls revealed significant differences. The LPS from strain P28-0 was typical of wild-type P. aeruginosa strains of Habs serotype O6, with quinovosamine and aminogalacturonic acid as O-specific aminocomponents. The LPS from the resistant mutant lacked the O-specific polymer, but had a core oligosaccharide similar to that of the parent strain. Both LPS were rich in phosphorus, part of which was present in triphosphate residues. Although the 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of the LPS differed in some respects, these differences did not seem to correlate with the disparity in sensitivity to gentamicin of the two organisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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