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Peptides. 1984 Jul-Aug;5(4):743-6.

Potential anti-depressive effects of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) and its analogues.


The anti-depressive effects of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) and its analogues (DN-1417: gamma-butyrolactone-gamma-carbonyl-histidyl-prolinamide citrate; MK-771: L-pyro-2-aminoadipyl-histidyl-thiazolidine-4-carboxamide) were examined in behavioral despair rats, an animal model of depression. TRH, DN-1417, MK-771, amitriptyline and diazepam were injected three times after the first forced swimming. One hr after the last injection, a 5-min swimming test was performed. Experimental animals were placed in a Hall's type open-field apparatus immediately before and after the 5-min test, and their locomotor activities were determined. No significant difference was noted in the locomotor activity immediately before the 5-min test among any group. In the 5-min swimming test, TRH, DN-1417 and MK-771 caused a dose-dependent decrease in immobility, showing an anti-depressive effect similar to amitriptyline. Diazepam showed no difference compared with the control group. After the swimming test, locomotor activity remarkably decreased in the control rats, while decreased locomotor activity was partially prevented in the TRH, DN-1417, MK-771 and amitriptyline treated rats which exhibited active movement not only during the swimming period but also after it. In terms of the minimum effective dose, TRH and DN-1417 seemed to be of similar potency, while MK-771 was 40-fold stronger than TRH. An examination of a possible correlation between the cross-reactivity of TRH analogues in a radioreceptor assay and the effects of the analogues on despair rats suggested that the structure-binding relationship was proportional to the structure-activity relationship.

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