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Cell Immunol. 1984 Oct 15;88(2):501-10.

Arachidonic acid metabolism in murine leishmaniasis (Donovani): ex-vivo evidence for increased cyclooxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase activity in spleen cells.


This study examined the metabolism of arachidonic acid (20:4) by splenic mononuclear cells from BALB/c mice infected with Leishmania donovani. Spleen cells removed from mice after either 4 or 8 weeks of infection and cultured in the presence of phytohemagglutinin (PHA) incorporated 60-70% less [3H]thymidine and synthesized 2- to 5-fold more prostaglandin E2 than did spleen cells from normal mice. Inhibition of cyclooxygenation by sodium meclofenamate was associated with restoration of PHA-induced spleen cell blastogenesis. Thin-layer chromatography of spleen cell extracts showed that PHA-stimulated spleen cells from infected animals synthesized 54 and 27% more 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) and 12/15-HETE respectively, when compared to spleen cells from noninfected mice. Culture medium of spleen cells from infected mice also contained 25% more immunoreactive leukotriene C4. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (3 microM) reduced spleen cell synthesis of 12/15-HETE while minimally affecting 5-HETE production. These data indicated that increased cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase activities in spleen cells from mice infected with L. donovani resulted in the generation of 20:4 metabolites with the capability of altering T-lymphocyte function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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