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Cell. 1984 Oct;38(3):811-22.

Immunocytochemical localization of native chondroitin-sulfate in tissues and cultured cells using specific monoclonal antibody.


Chondroitin-sulfate containing proteoglycan (CSPG) of the extracellular matrix (ECM) was visualized in chick tissues and cell cultures with a monoclonal antibody, CS-56. Cultured cells of various origins contained dense punctate layers of CSPG on both the substrate and the cell surface, as determined by immunofluorescent and immunogold staining. Under culture conditions the CSPG-containing matrix was usually excluded from stable cell-to-substrate focal contacts. The substrate-attached CSPG exhibited remarkable chemical stability but could be successfully removed by pronase or chondroitinases ABC and AC. Incubation of living cells with CS-56 antibodies resulted in the clustering of surface CSPG into patches, indicating that the surface-bound CSPG is free to move laterally along the plasma membrane. The unique properties of the CSPG-containing ECM revealed by CS-56 antibodies and their relationships to specific types of cell contacts are discussed.

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