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Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1984 Sep;36(3):355-62.

Ceftazidime disposition in acute and stable cystic fibrosis.

Abstract

Ceftazidime disposition after an intravenous dose of 50 mg/kg infused over 20 min was followed in 10 subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) hospitalized with acute pulmonary exacerbations and in 10 healthy subjects. Serum ceftazidime elimination t 1/2 decreased from 105.3 +/- 12.4 min (mean +/- SD) in controls to 90.0 +/- 11.1 min in subjects with CF. Calculated distribution volumes were both larger in subjects with CF. When normalized for body surface area, total body clearance (Cl) was 41.9% greater in the CF group (142.4 +/- 16.9 and 100.5 +/- 10.3 ml/min/1.73 m2). Normalization for body weight revealed 64.8% greater Cl in subjects with CF. Fraction of dose recovered in urine was of the same order for each group, while renal clearance (ClR) was 40.9% greater in the subjects with CF (130.1 +/- 11.4 and 92.7 +/- 11.6 ml/min/1.73 m2). Five subjects with CF were restudied while infection-free 119 to 219 days after the original study day. With the exception of a 10% increase in the volume of distribution at steady state while infection-free, kinetic parameters were much the same. No changes in Cl or ClR were evident from one study day to the next. Acute pulmonary infection does not appear to alter ceftazidime clearance in CF. The mechanism underlying increased ceftazidime Cl and ClR in CF is not apparent from the present data.

PMID:
6432400
DOI:
10.1038/clpt.1984.187
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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