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Mutat Res. 1984 Jul;127(2):113-8.

Effect of Japanese seaweed (Laminaria angustata) extracts on the mutagenicity of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, a breast carcinogen, and of 3,2'-dimethyl-4-aminobiphenyl, a colon and breast carcinogen.


Animal model studies suggest that diets containing Laminaria angustata, a brown seaweed commonly eaten in Japan, inhibit breast carcinogenesis. In order to identify the compound(s) in the seaweed responsible for tumor-inhibiting activity, we used Ames/mammalian microsome assay system to determine the antimutagenic (or anticarcinogenic) effect of various solvents and water extracts of Laminaria angustata. The antimutagenic effects of acetone, ether, chloroform, chloroform + methanol, hot water and cold water extracts on the mutagenicity induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA), a breast carcinogen, and 3,2'-dimethyl-4-aminobiphenyl (DMAB), a colon and breast carcinogen, was studied using the Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100. All extracts were nonmutagenic in both bacterial tester strains. The addition of 10-100 mg solvent extracts of seaweed/plate greatly inhibited DMAB-induced mutagenicity in both tester strains (80-96% inhibition) and DMBA-induced mutagenicity in TA100 (about 82%), whereas hot and cold water extracts produced a moderate inhibition in a dose-related manner in both strains.

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