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Am J Cardiol. 1984 Jul 1;54(1):132-6.

Vasodilator effect on right ventricular function in congestive heart failure and pulmonary hypertension: end-systolic pressure--volume relation.


The right ventricular (RV) end-systolic pressure-volume relation during vasodilator administration was studied in 10 patients with pulmonary arterial (PA) hypertension, most of whom had biventricular failure. RV end-systolic volumes were estimated from equilibrium radionuclide RV counts and forward cardiac output. Simultaneous radionuclide and hemodynamic values were measured at rest and during nitroglycerin and nitroprusside infusion. Vasodilator administration resulted in decreases in PA mean and systolic pressures in all 10 patients, with an average decrease in end-systolic pressure (p less than 0.001) from 48 +/- 11 to 38 +/- 9 and 35 +/- 10 mm Hg during nitroglycerin and nitroprusside administration, respectively. In each patient, a direct linear relation was observed between the vasodilator-induced decrease in PA end-systolic pressure and in RV end-systolic volume. Average RV end-systolic volume decreased (p less than 0.001), from 130 +/- 69 ml/m2 at baseline to 108 +/- 62 and 102 +/- 55 ml/m2 during nitroglycerin and nitroprusside infusion, respectively. The slope of the RV end-systolic pressure-volume relation was directly related to RV ejection fraction. Thus, the vasodilator-induced decrease in PA systolic pressure is accompanied by a linear decrease in RV end-systolic volume, with a slope which is dependent on RV systolic function. This linear relation is analogous to the left ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume relation.

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