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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1984 May 22;804(1):16-22.

Stimulation of protein synthesis by lysine analogues in lysine-deprived Ehrlich ascites tumour cells.


This paper describes experiments in which we have investigated the mechanism by which amino acid starvation regulates the initiation of protein synthesis in mammalian cells. We have examined the ability of a range of lysine analogues to stimulate protein synthesis in lysine-deprived mouse Ehrlich ascites tumour cells in culture. Of those analogues tested, only those which are cleaved to lysine intracellularly are capable of restoring protein synthesis to the level seen in fully fed cells. Lysine which is covalently linked to agarose does not stimulate translation. After 5 min incubation of lysine-deprived cells with the analogue lysine p-nitroanilide, the lysine concentration in cell extracts is restored to that found in extracts from fed cells, and protein synthesis is maximally stimulated within 5-10 min. During this period of time there is no increase in the concentration of lysine in the medium. These data indicate that it is the size of the intracellular rather than the extracellular amino acid pool which regulates the rate of protein synthesis during amino acid deprivation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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