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Eur J Biochem. 1984 Apr 16;140(2):421-6.

Diamine-induced dissociation of the first component of human complement, C1.

Abstract

Lysine has been shown to inhibit spontaneous and antibody-dependent C1 activation. This paper demonstrates that lysine does not prevent autoactivation of purified C1r. 20 mM lysine, 1,2-diaminoethane, 1,3-diaminopropane, 1,4-diaminobutane or 1,5-diaminopentane are able to dissociate C1 into its two entities, C1q and the calcium-dependent C1r2-C1s2 complex. Ig-ovalbumin insoluble complexes bearing C1 are also dissociated by lysine and the above-mentioned diamines used at the same concentration: C1q remains bound to the complexes whereas the C1r2-C1s2 complex is partially solubilized. The effect of lysine or diamines is not due to a competition with calcium for calcium-binding sites, as increasing concentrations of calcium even slightly increase the dissociation due to the amines. The dissociative effect is dependent on the carbon chain length of the diamines, with an optimum for 1,3-diaminopropane. It is also dependent on the relative 'cis-position' of the amino groups in the diamines. Polyamines such as spermine and spermidine are also able to dissociate C1 with even a higher efficiency than lysine and putrescine. Thus, a diamine-induced 'structural inhibition' of C1 is demonstrated, of potential interest for a pharmacological control of complement activation.

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