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J Physiol. 1983 Dec;345:329-51.

Ionic currents of solitary horizontal cells isolated from goldfish retina.


Solitary horizontal cells, dissociated from papain-treated goldfish retinas, produce action potentials and show a non-linear current-voltage relationship. Underlying ion-conductance mechanisms were analysed by a single-micro-electrode voltage-clamp technique. Pharmacological and ion-substitution experiments revealed that ionic currents could be separated into at least four voltage-dependent currents: a Ca current and three types of K currents. The Ca current was activated by membrane depolarization beyond -45 mV, reached a maximal value near 0 mV, and became smaller at more positive potentials. By extrapolation, the reversal potential was estimated to be approximately +50 mV. The Ca current was inactivated by accumulation of intracellular Ca ions but not by membrane depolarization. Co ions (4mM) blocked this current. The first type of K current showed anomalous (inward-going) rectification near the resting potential (congruent to -60 mV). Hyperpolarization from the resting level produced a large, almost steady inward current, while depolarization evoked only a small, steady outward current. The current-voltage relationship revealed a shallow negative resistance region at membrane potentials beyond -50 mV. The current was blocked by Cs (10 mM) or Ba (1 mM) ions. The second type of K current (the transient outward current) was activated by membrane depolarization beyond -25 mV. The peak amplitude increased almost exponentially as the membrane was depolarized. During steady depolarization this current decayed exponentially (time constant congruent to 500 ms at +20 mV). The current was inactivated by conditioning depolarization (greater than 10 s) beyond -30 mV and blocked by 4-aminopyridine (10 mM). The third type of K current was the maintained outward current which was activated by membrane depolarization beyond -20 mV, increased to a steady level in a few hundred milliseconds, and showed little inactivation. The amplitude increased as the membrane was depolarized. The current was blocked by tetraethylammonium ions (20 mM). A Ca-mediated K current was not detected. Action potentials and the non-linear current-voltage relationship of solitary horizontal cells can be explained qualitatively by the combination of the four ionic currents.

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