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Hemodynamic and humoral effects of prostaglandin inhibition in exercising humans.


This double-blind placebo-controlled study investigated whether indomethacin-induced (500 mg/3 days) prostaglandin synthesis inhibition (PG inhibition) affected systemic hemodynamics and several humoral factors in nine sodium-replete normal humans, during exercise. Independent of the level of physical activity, PG inhibition was accompanied by small but significant (P less than 0.001) increases in systolic (+4.3 mmHg) and diastolic (+1.8 mmHg) intra-arterial pressure: the changes in cardiac output (determined noninvasively), systemic vascular resistance, and exercise capacity did not reach a level of statistical significance. After PG inhibition, plasma 13,14-dihydro-15-keto/prostaglandin F2 alpha, plasma renin, and aldosterone were reduced (P less than 0.001) at rest sitting and exercise, but PG inhibition did not prevent the exercise-induced stimulation of the plasma renin-aldosterone system. The urinary sodium excretion, averaging 156 meq/24 h during placebo, decreased (P less than 0.001) by 28 meq/24 h during PG inhibition: urinary aldosterone and kallikrein and the plasma catecholamines remained unchanged. In resting and exercising sodium-replete subjects, prostaglandins seem to exert a depressor effect on the systemic circulation and to increase plasma renin activity, but they are probably not involved in the exercise-related stimulation of the plasma renin-aldosterone system.

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