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Clin Exp Immunol. 1983 Nov;54(2):477-85.

Activation of the alternative pathway of complement by Acanthamoeba culbertsoni.

Abstract

Normal human serum (NHS) contained an amoebicidal property for Acanthamoeba culbertsoni. Killing was quantitated by measuring the ability of the amoebae to undergo cell division subsequent to exposure to NHS, and also by microscopical examination. Plasma membrane disruption and extrusion of intracellular components occurred within 5-10 min following exposure to NHS. Adsorption of specific antibody did not remove the amoebicidal activity while heating serum at 56 degrees C/30 min or treatment with zymosan prevented the killing of A. culbertsoni. Haemolytic complement was consumed and C3 conversion occurred during the incubation of NHS with amoebae. Killing required the presence of the late complement components. The findings that (a) amoebae were killed in C2 deficient human serum and ethylene glycol tetra-acetic acid (EGTA), but not ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) treated NHS; (b) haemolytic complement consumption, which occurred by incubating NHS with the amoebae, could be prevented by addition of EDTA, but not EGTA and (c) conversion of C3 occurred in the presence of EGTA, but not EDTA, indicated that activation of the alternative pathway of complement was involved. This may be of importance as a natural defence mechanism in humans against A. culbertsoni infections.

PMID:
6418422
PMCID:
PMC1535891
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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