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J Biol Chem. 1983 Jun 25;258(12):7481-9.

Ovostatin: a novel proteinase inhibitor from chicken egg white. I. Purification, physicochemical properties, and tissue distribution of ovostatin.

Abstract

A proteinase inhibitor which has strong anti-collagenase activity was found in chicken egg white. The inhibitor (pI = 4.9) was purified by poly(ethylene glycol) (5.5-10%) precipitation and chromatography on Ultrogel AcA 34, DEAE-cellulose, and Sephacryl S-300. The final product was homogeneous on 5% polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Stoichiometric inhibition was observed with the inhibitor and rabbit synovial collagenase and thermolysin (1:1 molar ratio with thermolysin). The inhibitor ran on sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis with reduction as a single protein band of Mr = 165,000. The molecular weight of the native inhibitor was estimated to be 780,000 by sedimentation equilibrium centrifugation. Centrifugation analysis in 6 M guanidine hydrochloride and of the reduced sample gave M omega = 380,000 and M omega = 195,000, respectively, where M omega is the weight-average molecular weight determined by equilibrium ultra-centrifugation. The results indicated that the inhibitor molecule is a tetramer of identical subunits linked in pairs by disulfide bonds. Since the molecular weight and the quaternary structure of the inhibitor were similar to those of alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M) in plasma, chicken alpha 2M was isolated and compared with the inhibitor. The inhibitor was not sensitive to methylamine, whereas chicken alpha 2M was. No immunocross-reactivity was observed between the inhibitor and chicken alpha 2M. The NH2-terminal sequence of the egg white inhibitor is Lys-Glu-Pro-Glu-Pro-Gln-Tyr-Val-Leu-Met-Val-Pro-Ala. The sequence of chicken alpha 2M is Ser-Thr-Val-Thr-Glu-Pro-Gln-Tyr-Met-Val-Leu-Leu-Pro-Phe. Considerable homology was found between the two sequences and to the NH2-terminal sequence of human alpha 2M. Monospecific antibody raised against the egg white inhibitor was employed to examine the tissue distribution of the inhibitor. The inhibitor was found only in oviduct and egg white, but not in other tissues or serum of chickens.

PMID:
6408074
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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