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Mol Cell Biol. 1984 Nov;4(11):2467-78.

Saccharomyces cerevisiae GAL1-GAL10 divergent promoter region: location and function of the upstream activating sequence UASG.


The GAL1 and GAL10 genes, separated by 680 base pairs and divergently transcribed on chromosome 2 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, were separately fused to the lacZ gene of Escherichia coli so that beta-galactosidase synthesis in S. cerevisiae reflected GAL1 and GAL10 promoter function. Analysis of two sets of deletions defined a 75-base-pair sequence, located ca. midway between the transcription initiation regions of GAL1 and GAL10, that mediates GAL4-dependent induction of both genes. Deletion of various parts of this sequence (called the GAL upstream activating sequence or UASG) reduced GAL1 and GAL10 induction about equally. Sequences in the GAL10-proximal half of UASG in some sequence contexts functioned independently of sequences in the GAL1-proximal half of UASG. A 33-base-pair deletion of the GAL10-proximal half of UASG drastically reduced induction. Deletions between UASG and the GAL1 TATA box caused beta-galactosidase to be synthesized at an unexpectedly high basal level, that is, in the absence of galactose and GAL4 product. Some of these mutations also reduced the repression caused by glucose.

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